LEARN ABOUT THE JAMAICAN (PAUL BOGLE)
Paul Bogle, it is believed, he was born free about 1822. Bogle was a Baptist deacon in Stony Gut, a few miles north of Morant Bay, and was eligible to vote at a time when there were only 104 voters in the parish of St. Thomas. He was a firm political supporter of George William Gordon.
Poverty and injustice in the society and lack of public confidence in the central authority, urged Bogle to lead a protest march to the Morant Bay courthouse on October 11, 1865.
In a violent confrontation with full official forces that followed the march, nearly 500 people were killed and a greater number was flogged and punished before order was restored.
Bogle was captured and hanged on October 24, 1865; but his forceful demonstration achieved its objectives. It paved the way for the establishment of just practices in the courts and it brought about a change in official attitude, which made possible the social and economic betterment of the people.
In recognition of his efforts, Bogle was conferred with the Order of the National Hero in 1969 as per the second schedule of the National Honours and Awards Act.
LEARN ABOUT THE USA’s (THOMAS JENNINGS)
Thomas Jennings, a free-born New Yorker who became a leader of the abolitionist movement, made his fortune as the inventor of a dry-cleaning process called “dry scouring.” Born in 1791, Jennings was 30 years old when he received his patent on March 3, 1821 (U.S. patent 3306x), becoming the first African-American inventor to own the rights to his invention.
THOMAS JENNINGS PATENT HOLDER
Thomas Jennings was born in 1791.
He started his career as a tailor and eventually opened one of New York’s leading clothing shops. Inspired by frequent requests for cleaning advice, he began researching cleaning solutions. He was 30 years old when he was granted a patent for a dry cleaning process. Tragically, the original patent was lost in a fire. But Jennings process was known to use solvents to clean clothes and heralded in the process now known as dry cleaning.
The first money Thomas Jennings earned from his patent was spent on the legal fees to purchase his family out of slavery. After that, his income went mostly to his abolitionist activities. In 1831, Thomas Jennings became assistant secretary for the First Annual Convention of the People of Color in Philadelphia, PA.
Luckily for Thomas, he filed his patent at the right time. Under the United States patent laws of 1793 and 1836, both slaves and freedman could patent their inventions.
However, in 1857, a slave-owner named Oscar Stuart patented a “double cotton scraper” that was invented by his slave. Historical records only show the real inventor’s name as being Ned. Stuart’s reasoning for his action was that “the master is the owner of the fruits of the labor of the slave both manual and intellectual”.
In 1858, the U.S. patent office changed the patent laws, in response to the Oscar Stuart vs Ned case, in favor of Oscar Stuart. Their reasoning was that slaves were not citizens, and could not be granted patents. But surprisingly in 1861, the Confederate States of America passed a law granting patent rights to slaves. In 1870, the U.S. government passed a patent law giving all American men including blacks the rights to their inventions.
WHO DOES THE IMAGE REALLY BELONG TO???????